What is Composting? Composting can be defined as the biological decomposition and stabilization of organic substrates, under conditions which allow development of thermophilic temperatures as a result of biologically produced heat, leading to a final product which is stable for storage and provides nutrition to land without causing any adverse environmental effects. Simply putting, it […]
Composting can be defined as the biological decomposition and stabilization of organic substrates, under conditions which allow development of thermophilic temperatures as a result of biologically produced heat, leading to a final product which is stable for storage and provides nutrition to land without causing any adverse environmental effects. Simply putting, it is the natural breakdown of organic matter under suitable temperature and moisture conditions, so as to produce a nutrient rich mixture, which will help in improving the soil properties.
The compost can be produced at home easily, but one must know the right method to begin with, and get the best results.
To begin with, a suitable container or store area is required. As the natural process of composting generates heat, storing compost in a container enables the heat to be retained more easily, which allows for the efficient and quick breakdown of material. It is best to keep a compost heap covered to retain this heat. When moisture is needed, it is usually supplied in the form of moist grass cuttings and other green waste. Also, care should be taken that the compost chamber is not too wet, which can hamper the rate of the natural process.
Selection of the right container for the purpose of composting requires taking into consideration various factors, such as location, climatic conditions, type of soil, etc. Following are the few options to decide from:
The process of composting usually takes requires between two to nine months to be completed. The crumbly, fully decomposed compost is formed at the bottom – most layer of the container, so one must have access to the base of the heap, to get the best compost for use on the garden. Some containers have an access hatch at the bottom of the container such as the wooden sectioned containers, while others may need one side to be disassembled so that the bottom level of compost can be dug out.
One can be under the disillusion that all organic materials are suitable for composting. Although it is true, but many materials can attract vermins, and have other adverse effects, hence such materials must be avoided. The materials for composting can be widely divided into brown materials and green materials.
This category includes the slowly – rotting items that have a high carbon content.
This category includes all types of green leafy garden waste. Also, quick – rotting waste material is also included in this group. All these items have a high nitrogen content.
To obtain a good compost, the organic material must be properly arranged in the compost bin, and it must ensured that the right amount of temperature and moisture is provided to the organic material in the container. A general guide for the procedure is given below.
The compost is now ready, and can be used on the soil in your garden. Also, the compost bin can be used for another compost after cleaning.