Don’t you think it’s really hot outside? Sharp sun rays stroking on your windows panes! Everywhere dry warm air following and you are even trembling to go outside your home at noon but you cannot. It is the result of concrete jungle you are living in. The beginning of new technology just not brought but […]
Don’t you think it’s really hot outside? Sharp sun rays stroking on your windows panes! Everywhere dry warm air following and you are even trembling to go outside your home at noon but you cannot. It is the result of concrete jungle you are living in. The beginning of new technology just not brought but deforestation too. Cutting of trees has not only brutally hampered our lives but also the balance of the nature .Growing industrialization and population, our materialistic needs increasing day by day. We are living in polluted environment, and endless unhealthy environment. The reason increase in not only increasing industrialization, population but the most of forests land are converted to agricultural land.
Forests are the lungs of the earth. The air we breathe, the stability of our climate and the rich variety of life depends on forests. They’re home to around two-thirds of all plant and animal species found on land and millions of people depend on them for survival. Without healthy, thriving forests, planet Earth cannot sustain life. Yet our forests are being destroyed at an alarming rate.
The illegal and destructive logging operations are pushing species such as the orang-utan towards the brink of extinction and devastating local communities. What’s more, forest destruction accounts for around 20% of global carbon emissions. That’s more than the world’s entire transport sector
Forests are complex ecosystems that are important to the carbon and water cycles that sustain life on earth. When they are degraded, it can set off a devastating chain of events both locally and around the Forests are the lungs of the earth. The air we breathe, the stability of our climate and the rich variety of life depends on forests. They’re home to around two-thirds of all plant and animal species found on land and millions of people depend on them for survival. Without healthy, thriving forests, planet Earth cannot sustain life. Yet our forests are being destroyed at an alarming rate World. This has not just created havoc in the balanced atmosphere but also lead to disastrous climatic change like global warming and green house effect. It is well known that global warming is being caused largely due to emissions of green house gases like carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. However, what is not known quite as well is that deforestation has a direction association with carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. Trees act as a major storage depot for carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere, which is then used to produce carbohydrates, fats and proteins that make up trees. When deforestation occurs, many of the trees are burnt or they are allowed to rot, which results in releasing the carbon that is stored in them as carbon dioxide. This, in turn, leads to greater concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
That’s why there is urgent need of reforestation,for that is required a balanced town planning in metropolitan cities, equal ratio between the concrete jungle as well as green jungles. That is there need of creation of more parks, plant nurseries, promotion of planting trees, making children aware of forests, etc.
By losing forests we are not only losing the healthy environment for humans but on the other side we are losing natural habitat. Various species of birds and animals have been extinct and many are on the verge of extinction. The animals and birds are very significant part of the natural cycle, lost of them may cause severe damage to the balance of nature on the earth. There is need cease unresistant shattering of the trees.
India, in the late 1940s, was still heavily forested, with many endemic species. However, with the rapid rate of human population growth since then, and the encroachment of humans and livestock into forests, large areas of forest land have been replaced by wasteland. The government of India has designated 23% of the land as state forest land but less than 11% of the country is still covered by forest! And less than 2% of this area consists of natural forest (Alcorn and Molnar, 1996).
India has a forest destruction rate of about 3.3% per year (Dobson, 1995), and deforestation and the unsustainable use of marginal lands has left approximately 40% of the country in wasteland. Much of India is subject to flooding, and dams have become silted up, due to the deforestation of watersheds. River flow is very low during dry seasons because of the severe damage to watersheds by deforestation, which has led to the salinization (and thus ruin) of coastal agricultural lands. Deforestation has additionally disrupted the historical pattern of subsistence living, which depended upon access to forest goods – such as wood for fuel and housing, building and living materials, and fruits. An increase in the already desperate poverty of many rural areas has been the result. All of these problems are exacerbated by the rapid growth of India’s population, which is now more than one billion.
For this the various world organization like UNESCO( United Nation Educational and Scientific and Cultural Organisation) , IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) , etc. whose mission is to “influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.”
Taking some measures statically won’t help but putting those measures in act will. Many forests cover are called as protected areas which are extremely important for the conservation of forests and bio diversity. It’s not only the duty of governments but every individual to preserve and prevent our environment. NOW STEP OUT OF YOUR HOMES AND PLANT !