Overpopulation is not a term unknown to us, and so is deforestation and over-development. But what happens when all of this comes together? The result is often disastrous. One such result of human development is landslide. Landslide can be defined as disintegration or sliding down of debris, a chunk of mountain, cliff or any other […]
Overpopulation is not a term unknown to us, and so is deforestation and over-development. But what happens when all of this comes together? The result is often disastrous. One such result of human development is landslide. Landslide can be defined as disintegration or sliding down of debris, a chunk of mountain, cliff or any other earth’s surface. Ages ago, landslides were a completely natural phenomenon, happening due to volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, erosion of the land or heavy rainfall. But now, more than these natural factors, human beings are responsible for landslides.
People don’t think much about landslides, especially those who live on the plains. But for people residing in the hilly areas, this is a constant danger and imminent terror that they may have to face any day. Landslides are yet another example of how human beings are ruining the environment and stepping on something that is not rightfully theirs. In the process they end up hurting not only the planet but themselves as well. Landslides are dangerous phenomenon that can bring death to an entire town of people in just a few minutes. An entire chunk of mountain comes crashing down, and so does everything on it.
So what causes the mountains to get unstable? Here are some human factors related to landslides-
We have more or less discussed all the human activities which cause landslides. The effects that landslides have on the environment can be devastating. When a huge chunk of the mountain falls down, vegetation, flora and fauna can be destroyed in the process. When the vegetation or forest cover is destroyed, the wildlife’s natural habitat is ruined in the process. The topography of the soil is also hugely distorted. Human settlements can also be destroyed when landslides happen.
Human life is in danger if these keep on happening. On top of that, countries have to go through severe financial crisis to bear the losses suffered during landslides. So countries have come up with several landslide mitigation procedures to prevent it from happening. This mainly involves strengthening the land with the help of an anchor. Lowering the groundwater level is sometimes practiced as a part of mitigation. If all these don’t work, there is always the option of changing the geometry of the land. The overloading of the slopes can be reduced by taking necessary steps. This may take a lot of effort on the part of the country and its citizens, but if carried out can cause fewer landslides in the future.